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Romans in Verona

English

As I wrote on my first post, Verona is in the middle of northern Italy in a very strategic position and it was the same in the Roman period. At that time it was in the middle of a network of streets called Postumia, Gallica and Augusta and as a matter of fact Verona was one of the most important cities of the Roman Emperor. Now, if you visit the centre of the town you can find a lot of sites of this period and Verona is one of best conserved roman cities. For example, just walking around, you can admire these roman sites: an amphitheater, a triomphal arch, two gates, a bridge, a theater, mosaics, walls and marble streets. Verona is reach of these ruins, but Roman period is just a little (and important) part of its history.

If you want to visit Verona and know some information about romans, these are the main monuments:
  • Gavi Arch - this is a triomphal arch of an important roman's family of 1st century a.c. 
  • Porta Borsari - this is one of the two gates of the Roman city and if you go in the basements of the oldest buildings around you can still notice some ruins of the old roman wall. By this gateway you go toward the "decumano", the main old roman street. Once, passing through decumano you arrived at Postumio bridge that now does not exist anymore because of wars and floods.
  • Pietra Bridge - this is one of the two old roman bridges. It has been rebuilt after the 2nd world war with original materials.
  • Roman Theater - passing through Pietra bridge you arrive on the other side of the river Adige where there the fabulous Roman theater of 1st century a.c. Now this theater is a fantastic venue for concerts, Shakespeare festival and Verona Jazz Festival.
  • Roman Mosaics - walking in the center of Verona there are some windows in hidden squares where you can admire old roman mosaics of a roman house.
  • Piazza Erbe - this square was the roman forum in the past. Now it is mostly from renaissance period, but the shape is the same of the city of 2000 years ago.
  • Porta Leoni - from Erbe square passing through Cardo, the other main roman street, you arrive at Lions Gate, in italian "Porta Leoni", the other gate of the roman town. Here there are also some ruins of defensive towers and you can see from above an excavation of the old street.
  • Arena - this is the most famous monument of Verona and probably the main roman monument of the city. This amphitheater of 1st century is really well conserved and it's one of the most beautiful venue in the world for concerts and shows. During the summer there is the opera season, one of the most fascinating operas in Europe and in the world.
  • Roman Museums - the main ones are the archeological museum by the roman theater and the grave's museum called Museo Lapidario Maffeiano.
  • In general you can find many roman ruins in the basements of private houses and buildings.

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