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Medieval Verona

English
When the Roman Emperor felt, suddenly Verona found itself in the middle of Barbaric invasions. As a matter of fact, from the north and from the east, many barbarians passed through Verona because it was on their way. Because of its strategic position, Verona was very important for anyone that wanted to control the former emperor. After romans, times became harder and Italy had one of the worst period of its history, called dark age by someone. In Verona was the same and many wars devastated the area. It was a prey for Odoacer, Theodoric, Alboin and now you can find some signs of the old presence of conquerors of the middle age inside the underground museums of the Della Scala Family excavation.
Only around 11th century Verona had a new architectural and politics development and became one of the most important center of northern Italy, at first as a commune and than as a seigniory with the Della Scala Family. The most important monuments of this period are:
  • San Zeno church - one of the most important romanesque building of Europe, built on a old roman cemetery.  San Zeno is a masterpiece of romanesque style, with its paintings, frescos, sculptures and the famous bronze panels of its portal.
  • Castelvecchio - by the old Postumia roman road you can reach this castle built by Della Scala Family during 14th century. Inside the castle there is probably the most important museum of the town. Near this monument there are two important churches: San Lorenzo with its towers and Saints Teuteria and Tosca (last one is one of the oldest churches in all the region)
  • Cathedral - this is the main church of Verona (in italian it's called Duomo) that has one of the oldest library in Europe.
  • Saint Anastasia - this is one of the most important church of the center when during the middle age, the nights decided to build some important monuments to show their power and wealthy
  • Romeo's house - this building is a tower-house of 13th century and it hosted in the past a family called Montecchi that in the Shakespeare's tragedy is called Montagues. It probably inspired the poet. 
  • Scaligeri Graves - this monument by Della Scala Family is a masterpiece of gothic italian architecture.
  • Piazza dei Signori - this square was the center of life during medieval times, especially for nights.
  • Court of Law - its in a square next to Piazza dei Signori and it was the old Court of Law during the middle age. It's from 13th century.
  • Lamberti Tower - this is the most famous and highest tower of this age. From here you can admire all the center from above.
  • Erbe square - it was the roman forum and during the medieval times it became the market place. There are fabulous buildings of this period, frescos, Madonna Verona fountain, Domus Mercatorum, Gardello tower and many other beauties.
  • Juliet's house - this is another tower-house that is very famous abroad because of Shakespeare's story. As a matter of fact, during 13th century Verona was in the middle of factions struggles that inspired the tragedy written by the poet.
  • Juliet's tomb - it was a burial area right out of the medieval walls.
  • Saint Fermo and Rustico - a beautiful church that is the best gothic church-monument of Verona.
  • Saint Giovanni in Valle - another church that has been recently restyled. 
  • Early Christian grotto of St. Nazar

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