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History and Art

Porta Borsari - Roman gateway

English
The name "Borsari" comes from the term "bursarii", people that collected bishop's duties during the middle age. During the roman period this gateway was called Porta Iovia, in honor of Jupiter, whose temple was right out the walls of the Roman city. Now the temple doesn't exist anymore, but some remains are exposed in the Monumental Cemetery of the City. Porta Borsari was probably opened during 1st century b.c. on the Postumia way that in the urban area was called "decumano massimo" and it was renovated during 1st century a.c.

Romeo and Juliet

English

Romeo and Juliet is the famous tragedy written by William Shakespeare about two young lovers whose deaths ultimately unite their feuding families.

Castelvecchio Verona

English
Castelvecchio, is an important castle in the middle of the center of Verona. It was built in 1354 (the works finished in 1356) thanks to Cangrande II of Scala Family. The castle was built also for the invasions of barbaric populations, but mainly to defend the sirs by the rebellions of the folk. 
The surrounding area allowed a way out from the city in a easy and fast way: walking through the bridge, that was for the private use of the Scala Family, the exit toward the north along the river Adige was a perfect way to escape in the level land, for certain a safe shelter.

Roman theater Verona

English

The roman theater in Verona is considered the most important roman theater of northern Italy. It was built in 1st century, when the hill of San Pietro became a monument at the open air. Before the theater, in this area romans built the Stone bridge, Postumio bridge and some walls on the Adige river to defend the new building from floods. Today just a few ruins are visible because in the past, the nature and the populations who lived in Verona didn't preserve it very well.

Austrian Verona

English
 
In the 1815, wit the Congress of Vienna, Verona became part of Austrian emperor.
Also for austrian, the position of Verona was very strategic and that's why it became the capital of Austrian territory in Italy, a fortress town controlling a strong defensive system spread all throughout the Veneto region.
In 1822 the representatives of European governments, emperors and kings, met in town for the Congress of Verona.

Arena di Verona

English
Arena di Verona
The Arena is probably the most famous monument of Verona.
The building itself was built in AD 30 beyond the old roman's walls. The ludi (shows and games) staged there were really famous and even spectators from places far away, came to witness them. The amphitheatre could host more than 30,000 people in ancient times.

Venetian Verona

English

From 1404, after more than two centuries of independence, Verona became part of the domains of the Republic of Venice. St. Mark's winged lion, the symbol of Venice was raised everywhere in the streets and buildings and Verona lost its freedom, but at the same time, it gained the entry into a security and political-economic system that gave prosperity for a long time.

Medieval Verona

Romans in Verona

English

As I wrote on my first post, Verona is in the middle of northern Italy in a very strategic position and it was the same in the Roman period. At that time it was in the middle of a network of streets called Postumia, Gallica and Augusta and as a matter of fact Verona was one of the most important cities of the Roman Emperor. Now, if you visit the centre of the town you can find a lot of sites of this period and Verona is one of best conserved roman cities. For example, just walking around, you can admire these roman sites: an amphitheater, a triomphal arch, two gates, a bridge, a theater, mosaics, walls and marble streets.

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