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Austrian Verona

In the 1815, wit the Congress of Vienna, Verona became part of Austrian emperor.
Also for austrian, the position of Verona was very strategic and that's why it became the capital of Austrian territory in Italy, a fortress town controlling a strong defensive system spread all throughout the Veneto region.
In 1822 the representatives of European governments, emperors and kings, met in town for the Congress of Verona.
During the occupancy, Austrian engineers and architects, led by Franz von Schollre, designed the look of Verona creating a great system of walls, gates and fortresses. 
Vienna Architects drew inspiration from various styles of Verona, especially Romanesque and Gothic, using local materials and perfectly blending their works in the urban grid.
Some monuments of this period are:
  • Military Hospital - called Garnisons Spital by the austrian, this is a neo-classical style building built by the austrian genie Direction in Verona; this is near Palio Gateway, but there is not the possibility to visit it from inside. 
  • Arsenal - this building in Neo-Romanesque style on the right bank of the river Adige was obviously for weapons and ammunitions during the austrian period and the first projects about it came by an order of the field marshal Radetzky; now it isn't well conserved, but sometimes you can visit it during some exhibitions. 
  • Santa Marta - a huge neo-Gothic style bakery where the bread and victuallings for all the occupying soldiers were produced. Now is the headquarter of the University of Economics of Verona. 
  • San Pietro castle - on the top of the hill of Verona, the place where through the centuries the rulers of Verona built their fortresses, the Austrians erected a castle. Today it is almost completely hidden by the cypresses that were planted to cover the most evident sign of the Austrian domination after Verona became part of the Italian kingdom in 1866.
  • Carli Palace - this is the place where the Austrian field marshal Radetzky lived while he was the commander of the Longbard-Veneto, and today is the NATO headquarter in Verona.
  • Barbieri palace -  this can be seen in Piazza Bra, the Arena square; it's a huge Neoclassical building which was the Austrian headquarter in Verona and that now is the town hall of the city.
  • St. Mattia, St Sofia, St Leonardo fortresses - all these fortresses are not well conserved and opened to tourists, but if you want to have a walk or a vespa tour on the hills and in Veronetta area, you may see them from outside. 
  • Monumental cemetery - designed by the Neoclassical architect Barbieri, this is still the town's cemetery from that time.

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